Experiences of Inclusive Action and Social Design Research with Social Workers and People with Intellectual Disabilities

Jeroen Knevel, Jean Pierre Wilken, Alice Schippers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


In this study, we report on a two-year experience of inclusive participative action and social design research consisting of intensive collaboration between social workers, people with intellectual disabilities and researchers. Action research and design research are attunable and lend themselves to an inclusive approach aimed at knowledge development and change in practice. Social workers and people with intellectual disabilities were involved in a community of development. They became owners of the subject matter and the answers and solutions they designed. We conclude that an inclusive approach lends itself well to combining or even merging action research and social design research. Inclusive participative action and social design research cannot be standardized since it contains a particularly emergent process. Hence, it requires flexibility and creativity in finding ways to create an inclusive process of co-creation.
Original languageEnglish
JournalSocial Sciences
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 10 Mar 2022


  • Action research
  • Design research
  • Inclusion
  • Intellectual disabilities
  • Social workers

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