Professional and Religious Approaches to Care for West-African Victims of Human Trafficking in the Netherlands: The Challenge of New Pentecostalism.

L. ten Kate, A. W. Braam, van R. Dijk, van J. Ravesteijn, F. Bergmans

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


The current study focuses on care for West African Victims of human trafficking (VHTs) in The Netherlands and addresses the question of how (1) social and legal professionals and (2) religious leaders of African-led migrant (Pentecostal) churches perceive their relationship with these VHTs. Thematic analyses of qualitative interviews (N = 21) revealed that both groups share the perception that VHTs are vulnerable, especially in view of so-called voodoo spells. Social and legal professionals noticed that West African VHTs prototypically appear as ‘demanding’ in a rather pro-active manner. Religious leaders on the other hand indicated that the VHTs feel at ease in the church in a more adaptive sense and may find ways of changing their lives after experiencing the Pentecostal “deliverance” ritual. Keywords: Human trafficking, Pentecostalism, West-African, migrant churches, cultural and intercultural identity, religious coping
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)511-525
JournalJournal of Immigrant and Refugee Studies
Issue number4
Early online date20 Nov 2020
Publication statusPublished - 2021

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